Banshee™ ( @Banshee™
) has his #longest
The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is a #venomous snake endemic to parts of sub-#SaharanAfrica. Skin colour varies from grey to dark brown. #Juvenile black mambas tend to be paler than #adults and #darken with #age. It is the #longest species of venomous snake indigenous to the African continent; #mature specimens generally exceed 2 meters (6.6 ft) and commonly attain 3 meters (9.8 ft). Specimens of 4.3 to 4.5 meters (14.1 to 14.8 ft) have been reported.
Although most mamba species are #treeDwelling #snakes, the black mamba is not generally arboreal, preferring #lairs in terrestrial habitats in a range of terrains. These include #savannah, #woodlands, #rockyslopes and in some regions #denseforest. It is diurnal and chiefly an #ambush #predator, known to #prey on hyrax, bushbabies and other small mammals as well as birds. It is also a #pursuit predator; in this it resembles some other long, speedy, highly-venomous species with well-developed #vision. Over suitable surfaces it is possibly the #speediest species of snake, capable of at least 11 km/h (6.8 mph) over short distances. Adult mambas have #few #naturalpredators.
In a threat display, the mamba usually opens its inky black mouth, spreads its narrow neck-flap and sometimes hisses. It is capable of striking at considerable range and occasionally may deliver a #series of bites in #rapid #succession. Its venom is primarily composed of potent neurotoxins that may cause fast onset of symptoms. Despite its reputation for being formidable and #highly aggressive, like most snakes, it usually attempts to flee from humans unless #threatened or cornered. The black mamba is rated as least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)'s Red List of Endangered species.